Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-support therapy that may predispose to morbid and lethal complications, with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) being the most prevalent. In 2013, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) defined criteria for ventilator-associated events (VAE). Ten years later, a growing number of studies assessing or validating its clinical applicability and the potential benefits of its inclusion have been published. Surveillance with VAE criteria is retrospective and the focus is often on a subset of patients with higher than lower severity. To date, it is estimated that around 30% of ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) develop VAE. While surveillance enhances the detection of infectious and non-infectious MV-related complications that are severe enough to impact the patient's outcomes, there are still many gaps in its classification and management. In this review, we provide an update by discussing VAE etiologies, epidemiology, and classification. Preventive strategies on optimizing ventilation, sedative and neuromuscular blockade therapy, and restrictive fluid management are warranted. An ideal VAE bundle is likely to minimize the period of intubation. We believe that it is time to progress from just surveillance to clinical care. Therefore, with this review, we have aimed to provide a roadmap for future research on the subject.
Infection control; Intensive care; Mechanical ventilation
Ramirez-Estrada S, Peña-Lopez Y, Vieceli T, Rello J. Ventilator-associated events: From surveillance to optimizing management. J Intensive Med. 2022 Nov 12;3(3):204–11.
Use this identifier for quote and/or link this documenthttps://hdl.handle.net/11351/10174
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