Clinical Classification of Variants in the Valosin-Containing Protein Gene Associated With Multisystem Proteinopathy
Background and Objectives Pathogenic variants in the valosin-containing protein (VCP) gene cause a phenotypically heterogeneous disorder that includes myopathy, motor neuron disease, Paget disease of the bone, frontotemporal dementia, and parkinsonism termed multisystem proteinopathy. This hallmark pleiotropy makes the classification of novel VCP variants challenging. This retrospective study describes and assesses the effect of 19 novel or nonpreviously clinically characterized VCP variants identified in 28 patients (26 unrelated families) in the retrospective VCP International Multicenter Study. Methods A 6-item clinical score was developed to evaluate the phenotypic level of evidence to support the pathogenicity of the novel variants. Each item is allocated a value, a score ranging from 0.5 to 5.5 points. A receiver-operating characteristic curve was used to identify a cutoff value of 3 to consider a variant as high likelihood disease associated. The scoring system results were confronted with results of in vitro ATPase activity assays and with in silico analysis. Results All variants were missense, except for one small deletion-insertion, 18 led to amino acid changes within the N and D1 domains, and 13 increased the enzymatic activity. The clinical score coincided with the functional studies in 17 of 19 variants and with the in silico analysis in 12 of 19. For 12 variants, the 3 predictive tools agreed, and for 7 variants, the predictive tools disagreed. The pooled data supported the pathogenicity of 13 of 19 novel VCP variants identified in the study. Discussion This study provides data to support pathogenicity of 14 of 19 novel VCP variants and provides guidance for clinicians in the evaluation of novel variants in the VCP gene.
Protein gene; Multisystem proteinopathy
Schiava M, Ikenaga C, Topf A, Caballero-Ávila M, Chou TF, Li S, et al. Clinical Classification of Variants in the Valosin-Containing Protein Gene Associated With Multisystem Proteinopathy. Neurol Genet. 2023 Oct;9(5):e200093.
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