Analysis of tumor infiltrating CD4+ and CD8+ CDR3 sequences reveals shared features putatively associated to the anti-tumor immune response
Introduction: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have predictive and prognostic value in breast cancer (BC) and exert a protective function against tumor growth, indicating that it is susceptible to treatment using adoptive cell transfer of TILs or T cell receptor (TCR)-based therapies. TCR can be used to identify naturally tumor-reactive T cells, but little is known about the differences in the TCR repertoires of CD4+ and CD8+ TILs. Methods: TCR high-throughput sequencing was performed using TILs derived from the initial cultures of 11 BC biopsies and expanded and sorted CD4+ and CD8+ TILs as well as using PBMCs from healthy donors expanded and sorted using the same methodology. Results: Physicochemical TCR differences between T cell subsets were observed, as CD4+ TILs presented larger N(D)Nnt TRB sequences and with a higher usage of positively charged residues, although only the latest was also observed in peripheral T cells from healthy individuals. Moreover, in CD4+ TILs, a more restricted TCR repertoire with a higher abundance of similar sequences containing certain amino acid motifs was observed. Discussion: Some differences between CD4+ and CD8+ TCRs were intrinsic to T cell subsets as can also be observed in peripheral T cells from healthy individuals, while other were only found in TILs samples and therefore may be tumor-driven. Notably, the higher similarity among CD4+ TCRs suggests a higher TCR promiscuity in this subset.
T cell receptor; Breast cancer; Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes
Aran A, Lázaro G, Marco V, Molina E, Abancó F, Peg V, et al. Analysis of tumor infiltrating CD4+ and CD8+ CDR3 sequences reveals shared features putatively associated to the anti-tumor immune response. Front Immunol. 2023 Aug 4;14:1227766.
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