Coneixements, actituds i comportaments sobre deshabituació tabàquica en infermeres que cuiden pacients amb malaltia inflamatòria intestinal
Smoking is one the main preventable public health problems in developed countries. In relation to Crohn's disease, it is the best-characterized environmental factor that negatively impacts, both the predisposition to the disease and its evolution. Despite it has been demonstrated the effectiveness of smoking treatments and the smoking cessation minimal intervention method 5 A's ( Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange) in chronic patients, seem that nurses experienced in care of IBD patients don’t routinely perform it. Maybe because lack of skills or time on the job. Objective: to explain the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors in relation to smoking cessation, of nurses involved in the IBD patients care. As secondary objectives: to determine the level of implementation of smoking cessation intervention 5 A's, identify improvement areas on nurses' smoking cessation knowledge, and finally to identify factors/barriers that hinder nurses' participation in smoking cessation interventions for IBD patients. Methods: an exploratory, observational, cross-sectional and multicenter study has been designed. Target: advanced IBD nurse, gastroenterology staff nurse and daycare center's nurse Study variables: Competence in tobacco cessation activities through the self-administered KABO© (knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and organization) questionnaire. This instrument (validated in Spanish) is specifically designed to evaluate relevant factors in the implementation of stop smoking interventions. Sociodemographic variables: age, gender, smoking status, level of studies, individual characteristics the profession, years of professional experience, smoking training, current work situation and years of experience. Conclusions: We will present some preliminary data. Knowing the skills we have in smoking cessation practices would allow us to define strategies to improve our intervention.
Smoking treatment; Nurses; Inflammatory bowel disease; Crohn disease
Navarro Correal E. Coneixements, actituds i comportaments sobre deshabituació tabàquica en infermeres que cuiden pacients amb malaltia inflamatòria intestinal. Comunicació presentada a: 13a Jornada Científica Vall Hebron Institut de Recerca; 2019 Desembre 12-13; Barcelona.
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