Objective To build a deprivation index for the assignation of the budgets of the primary healthcare teams in Catalonia (Spain) valid for both urban and rural environments and updatable with greater frequency than indices built from census variables. Method Starting from a review of the most common deprivation indices, variables were selected from sources that allow frequent updating and are representative at the territorial level of primary care. The correlations were calculated between the chosen variables and variables of need for healthcare and morbidity. principal components analysis was applied. Finally, the correlations of the index built with the MEDEA index and with variables of use of healthcare resources and morbidity was calculated stratifying by geographical dispersion. Results The variables of income, occupation and education are the ones with the highest correlation with the need for healthcare and morbidity. The composed socioeconomic index (CSI) ranges from −.01 to 5.68, with an average value of 2.60 and a standard deviation of .91. The correlation between the CSI and the MEDEA index is .89. The CSI correlates with use for healthcare in both urban and rural environments, although in rural environments the association is lower. Conclusions The CSI was built with data that allow frequent updating and was integrated in the model for allocating resources to primary healthcare starting in 2017.
Deprivation index; Health inequalities; Administrative data; Primary care financing
Colls C, Mias M, García-Altés A. Un índice de privación para reformar el modelo de financiación de la atención primaria en Cataluña. Gac Sanit. 2020;34(1):44–50.
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