Introduction: The objective of this paper is to describe the results of Lleida’s Hospital-based Cancer Registry in 2014 and estimate the proportional contribution of cases to the populationbased cancer registry of the urban and rural areas in Lleida. Methods. A descriptive epidemiologic study of cancer cases resident in urban and rural areas in Lleida detected by Lleida’s Hospital-based Cancer Registry (Lleida’s Arnau de Vilanova University Hospital) was carried out. Cases were recorded according to international criteria. Main information sources were: hospital records CMBD (ICD-9 codes, 140.0 to 208.9) and reports of pathologic anatomy. Cases were classified by populations with more than 10,000 inhabitants as ‘urban populations’ and the other as ‘rural populations’. Residents and expected cases from these areas were compared according to the Catalan’s Population-based Cancer Registry crude rates. Results. 2,472 tumours – 1,473 (59.6%) in males and 999 (40.4%) in women – were detected, of which 2,363 (95.6%) were verified by histology. Most patients – 2,239 (91.8%) – corresponded to residents in Lleida. In men, most frequent tumours in residents were prostate (243), colon and rectum (218), urinary bladder (157) and lung (149); in women were breast (253), colon and rectum (148), leukaemia and myeloma (56), and uterine body (52). According to Catalan’s Population-based Cancer Registry rates, 2,086 cases (1,236 in men and 850 in women) could be expected. Observed cases among men in urban areas were 534 (96.6% coverage) and 368 (93.2% coverage) in women. In rural areas observed cases in men were 639 (93.3% coverage) and 464 (102%) in women. Coverage observed was higher than 100% in leukaemia (123.1% in urban areas and 176.5% in rural areas), urinary bladder (158% in urban areas and 125.8% in rural areas) and colon and rectum (119.8% in urban areas and 107.5% in rural areas) in men and leukaemia (150% in urban areas and 200% in rural areas), brain and central nervous system (185.7% in urban areas and 112.5% in rural areas), and breast (103.5% in urban areas and 104.6% in rural areas) in women.
Cancer; Registry; Epidemiology; Public health
Florensa D, Pedrol T, Salud A, Mòdol I, Farré X, Mateo J, et al. El Registre poblacional de càncer a Lleida en zones urbanes i rurals. Resultats de l’any 2014. Butll Epidemiol Catalunya. 2019;40(12):252-264.
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