Diagnostic value of quantitative parameters for myocardial perfusion assessment in patients with suspected coronary artery disease by single- and dual-energy computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging
Purpose To compare performance of visual and quantitative analyses for detecting myocardial ischaemia from single- and dual-energy computed tomography (CT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods Eighty-four patients with suspected CAD were scheduled for dual-energy cardiac CT at rest (CTA) and pharmacological stress (CTP). Myocardial CT perfusion was analysed visually and using three parameters: mean attenuation density (MA), transmural perfusion ratio (TPR) and myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI), on both single-energy CT and CT-based iodine images. Significant CAD was defined in AHA-segments by concomitant myocardial hypoperfusion identified visually or quantitatively (parameter < threshold) and coronary stenosis detected by CTA. Single-photon emission CT and invasive coronary angiography were used as reference. Perfusion-parameter cut-off values were calculated in a randomly-selected subgroup of 30 patients. Results The best-performing thresholds for TPR, MPRI and MA were 0.96, 23 and 0.5 for single-energy CT and 0.97, 47 and 0.3 for iodine imaging. For both CT-imaging modalities, TPR yielded the highest area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) (0.99 and 0.97 for single-energy CT and iodine imaging, respectively, in vessel-based analysis) compared to visual analysis, MA and MPRI. Visual interpretation on iodine imaging resulted in higher AUC compared to that on single-energy CT in per-vessel (AUC: 0.93 vs 0.86, respectively) and per-patient (0.94 vs 0.93) analyses. Conclusion Transmural perfusion ratio on both CT-imaging modalities is the best-performing parameter for detecting myocardial ischaemia compared to visual method and other perfusion parameters. Visual analysis on CT-based iodine imaging outperforms that on single-energy CT.
CT myocardial perfusion imaging; Myocardial ischaemia; Transmural perfusion ratio
Ruiz-Muñoz A, Valente F, Dux-Santoy L, Guala A, Teixidó-Turà G, Galián-Gay L, et al. Diagnostic value of quantitative parameters for myocardial perfusion assessment in patients with suspected coronary artery disease by single- and dual-energy computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging. IJC Hear Vasc. 2021 Feb 1;32:100721.
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