The Longitudinal Association Between a Discrepancy Measure of Anosognosia in Patients with Dementia, Caregiver Burden and Depression
Background: According to cross-sectional studies, there is an association between anosognosia in people with dementia and caregiver’s burden and depression. Anosognosia in patients may be a cause of caregiver burden and depression. However, variability in caregiver anosognosia ratings may exist as caregivers with burden and depression may have a more pessimistic view of the patients’ health. Objective: To assess the variability of caregiver anosognosia ratings of patients with dementia using a widely used anosognosia scale and its longitudinal relationship with caregiver burden and depression. Methods: A convenience cohort of 221 consecutive dementia outpatient and caregiver dyads was followed up at 12 and 24 months. The main instruments used were the Anosognosia Questionnaire-Dementia (AQ-D), Caregiver Burden Interview, and Geriatric Depression Scale. Linear mixed models were used including time as a factor in every model. Multivariate analyses controlled for caregiver’s socio-demographic and possible confounding factors. Results: Attrition at 12 and 24 months was 24.9% and 42.5% respectively. Patients at baseline were on average 77.8 years of age, 63.3% were women, and 63.3% had < 5 years of education. In the bivariate analyses, caregiver burden, depression, and gender were associated with caregiver ratings of total, cognitive, and personality AQ-D of the patient at different time points. Multivariate analyses revealed burden as the caregiver variable most consistently associated with total, cognitive, and personality caregiver AQ-D ratings of the patient. Conclusion: Some caregiver characteristics, especially burden, are associated with caregiver ratings of AQ-D with regard to the patient
Anosognosia; Caregivers; Longitudinal studies
Perales J, Turró-Garriga O, Gascón-Bayarri J, Reñé-Ramírez R, Conde-Sala JL. The Longitudinal Association Between a Discrepancy Measure of Anosognosia in Patients with Dementia, Caregiver Burden and Depression. J Alzheimers Dis. 2016 Aug 3;53(3):1133-43.
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