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dc.contributorVall d'Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus
dc.contributor.authorFaura Llorens, Julia
dc.contributor.authorBustamante Rangel, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorMiro Mur, Francesc
dc.contributor.authorMontaner Villalonga, Joan
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-14T10:58:12Z
dc.date.available2022-01-14T10:58:12Z
dc.date.issued2021-06-06
dc.identifier.citationFaura J, Bustamante A, Miró-Mur F, Montaner J. Stroke-induced immunosuppression: implications for the prevention and prediction of post-stroke infections. J Neuroinflammation. 2021 Jun 6;18:127.
dc.identifier.issn1742-2094
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11351/6801
dc.description.abstractStroke produces a powerful inflammatory cascade in the brain, but also a suppression of the peripheral immune system, which is also called stroke-induced immunosuppression (SIIS). The main processes that lead to SIIS are a shift from a lymphocyte phenotype T-helper (Th) 1 to a Th2 phenotype, a decrease of the lymphocyte counts and NK cells in the blood and spleen, and an impairment of the defense mechanisms of neutrophils and monocytes. The direct clinical consequence of SIIS in stroke patients is an increased susceptibility to stroke-associated infections, which is enhanced by clinical factors like dysphagia. Among these infections, stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) is the one that accounts for the highest impact on stroke outcome, so research is focused on its early diagnosis and prevention. Biomarkers indicating modifications in SIIS pathways could have an important role in the early prediction of SAP, but currently, there are no individual biomarkers or panels of biomarkers that are accurate enough to be translated to clinical practice. Similarly, there is still no efficient therapy to prevent the onset of SAP, and clinical trials testing prophylactic antibiotic treatment and β-blockers have failed. However, local immunomodulation could open up a new research opportunity to find a preventive therapy for SAP. Recent studies have focused on the pulmonary immune changes that could be caused by stroke similarly to other acquired brain injuries. Some of the traits observed in animal models of stroke include lung edema and inflammation, as well as inflammation of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBMC
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Neuroinflammation;18
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceScientia
dc.subjectMalalties cerebrovasculars - Tractament
dc.subjectMedicaments immunosupressors - Ús terapèutic
dc.subjectAvaluació de resultats (Assistència sanitària)
dc.subject.meshStroke
dc.subject.meshImmunosuppressive Agents
dc.subject.mesh/therapeutic use
dc.subject.meshTreatment Outcome
dc.titleStroke-induced immunosuppression: implications for the prevention and prediction of post-stroke infections
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12974-021-02177-0
dc.subject.decsaccidente cerebrovascular
dc.subject.decsinmunosupresores
dc.subject.decs/uso terapéutico
dc.subject.decsresultado del tratamiento
dc.relation.publishversionhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12974-021-02177-0
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.audienceProfessionals
dc.contributor.organismesInstitut Català de la Salut
dc.contributor.authoraffiliation[Faura J] Laboratori de Recerca Neurovascular, Vall d’Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain. [Bustamante A] Stroke Unit, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, 08916 Badalona, Barcelona, Spain. [Miró-Mur F] Unitat de Recerca Autoimmune Sistèmica, Vall d’Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain. [Montaner J] Laboratori de Recerca Neurovascular, Vall d’Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain. Stroke Research Program, Institute of Biomedicine of Seville, IBiS/Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/University of Seville & Department of Neurology, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Macarena, Seville, Spain
dc.identifier.pmid34092245
dc.identifier.wos000660897300001
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/PE2013-2016/PI17%2F02130
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/PE2013-2016/RD16%2F0019%2F0021
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess


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