Cognitive decline and kidney disease are significant public health problems that share similar characteristics and risk factors. The pathophysiology of the kidney–brain axis is not completely understood, and studies analysing the relationship between the biomarkers of kidney damage and cognitive impairment show different results. This article focuses on the epidemiological and clinical aspects concerning the association of albuminuria, a marker for endothelial dysfunction and microvascular disease, and cognitive impairment in patients with chronic kidney disease, diabetic kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease. Most studies show a positive relationship between albuminuria and cognitive impairment in all groups, but evidence in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients is limited. We briefly discuss the mechanisms underlying these associations, such as damage to the microvascular circulation, leading to hypoperfusion and blood pressure fluctuations, as well as increased inflammation and oxidative stress, both in the brain and in the kidneys. Further clinical and epidemiological studies developed to understand the interplay between the kidneys and brain diseases will hopefully lead to a reduction in cognitive impairment in these patients.
Chronic kidney disease; Dementia; Diabetes
Ariton DM, Jiménez-Balado J, Maisterra O, Pujadas F, Soler MJ, Delgado P. Diabetes, Albuminuria and the Kidney-Brain Axis. J Clin Med. 2021 May 27;10(11):2364.
Use this identifier for quote and/or link this documenthttp://hdl.handle.net/11351/6840
This item appears in following collections
- HVH - Articles científics 
The following license files are associated with this item: