Age and chronic kidney disease have been described as mortality risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Currently, an important percentage of patients in haemodialysis are elderly. Herein, we investigated the impact of age on mortality among haemodialysis patients with COVID-19. Data was obtained from the Spanish COVID-19 chronic kidney disease (CKD) Working Group Registry. From 18 March 2020 to 27 August 2020, 930 patients on haemodialysis affected by COVID-19 were included in the Registry. A total of 254 patients were under 65 years old and 676 were 65 years or older (elderly group). Mortality was 25.1% higher (95% CI: 22.2–28.0%) in the elderly as compared to the non-elderly group. Death from COVID-19 was increased 6.2-fold in haemodialysis patients as compared to the mortality in the general population in a similar time frame. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, age (hazard ratio (HR) 1.59, 95% CI: 1.31–1.93), dyspnea at presentation (HR 1.51, 95% CI: 1.11–2.04), pneumonia (HR 1.74, 95% CI: 1.10–2.73) and admission to hospital (HR 4.00, 95% CI: 1.83–8.70) were identified as independent mortality risk factors in the elderly haemodialysis population. Treatment with glucocorticoids reduced the risk of death (HR 0.68, 95% CI: 0.48–0.96). In conclusion, mortality is dramatically increased in elderly haemodialysis patients with COVID-19. Our results suggest that this high risk population should be prioritized in terms of protection and vaccination.
Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; 2019-nCoV; Haemodialysis; Mortality
Vergara A, Molina-Van den Bosch M, Toapanta N, Villegas A, Sánchez-Cámara L, Sequera P, et al. The Impact of Age on Mortality in Chronic Haemodialysis Popu-Lation with COVID-19. J Clin Med. 2021 Jul 2;10(14):3022.
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