Crystal-Induced Podocytopathy Producing Collapsing Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis in Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance: A Case Report
Crystal-Induced Podocytopathy Producing Collapsing Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis in Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance: A Case Report, 2021 (2.156Mb)
Monoclonal gammopathy–associated crystalline podocytopathy causing collapsing focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is very rare and has been associated with pamidronate therapy. We present the case of a 53-year-old man with vision loss secondary to corneal crystals deposition, nephrotic-range proteinuria, and reduced glomerular filtration rate without associated comorbid conditions. Two kidney biopsies were initially reported as primary FSGS but the patient did not respond to high-dose corticosteroid immunosuppression therapy. Re-review of biopsies with additional electron microscopy analysis revealed crystalline inclusions in podocytes leading to collapsing FSGS. Subsequent workup revealed an immunoglobulin G κ serum monoclonal protein. Bone marrow biopsy revealed 5% κ-restricted plasma cells with cytoplasmic crystalline inclusions. To our knowledge, this is the first case of monoclonal gammopathy of clinical significance manifesting as crystalline podocytopathy leading to collapsing FSGS and keratopathy leading to vision loss. Crystalline podocytopathy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of collapsing glomerulopathy, and careful ultrastructural examination of the kidney biopsy specimen is crucial to establish this diagnosis.
Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis; Crystalline keratopathy; Podocytopathy
Buxeda A, Said S, Nasr SH, Soler MJ, Howard MT, Maguire LJ, et al. Crystal-Induced Podocytopathy Producing Collapsing Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis in Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance: A Case Report. Kidney Med. 2021 Jul;3(4):659–64.
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