Ozanimod in relapsing multiple sclerosis: Pooled safety results from the clinical development program
Background Ozanimod, an oral sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 and 5 modulator, is approved in multiple countries for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS). In phase 3 trials, ozanimod was well tolerated and superior to interferon beta-1a 30 µg once-weekly in reducing clinical and radiologic disease activity. The objective of this integrated safety analysis was to evaluate the safety of extended ozanimod exposure in participants with RMS from all clinical trials and compare it with phase 3 trial data. Methods We report pooled incidence and study duration‒adjusted incidence rates (IR) of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) from an interim data cut (January 31, 2019) of RMS participants treated with ozanimod. Data were pooled from a phase 1 pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic trial, a placebo-controlled phase 2 trial with dose-blinded extension, 2 large active-controlled phase 3 trials, and an open-label extension (OLE). Results were compared with pooled phase 3 trial data. Results At the data cutoff, 2631 RMS participants had exposure to ozanimod 0.92 mg (mean 32.0 months) and 2787 had exposure to either ozanimod 0.46 or 0.92 mg (mean 37.1 months). The IRs per 1000 person-years (PY) for any TEAE (772.2) and serious TEAEs (33.2) in the overall population were similar to those in the phase 3 population (896.1 and 31.2, respectively). There were no serious opportunistic infections. There were no second-degree or higher atrioventricular blocks on electrocardiogram. Hepatic enzyme elevations declined over time. Malignancy rates remained low with longer exposure. Pulmonary function tests showed minimal reductions in lung function. Seven ozanimod-treated participants with comorbid risk factors had confirmed macular edema, including 3 in the ongoing OLE. Conclusions Safety results in this larger RMS population with greater ozanimod exposure demonstrated no new safety concerns and were consistent with phase 3 trial results.
Adverse events; Multiple sclerosis; Ozanimod
Selmaj KW, Cohen JA, Comi G, Bar-Or A, Arnold DL, Steinman L, et al. Ozanimod in relapsing multiple sclerosis: Pooled safety results from the clinical development program. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2021 Jun;51:102844.
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