Trends in healthcare resource use and expenditure before and after ischaemic stroke. A population-based study
Introduction Despite improved survival rates, stroke represents an increasing healthcare and socioeconomic burden. We describe the main characteristics of patients with ischaemic stroke and resource use and associated expenditure one year before and 3 years after stroke, using a population-based dataset. Methods The information technology systems of the Catalan Health Service were used to identify patients with ischaemic strokes occurring between January 2012 and December 2016. For each patient, information from one year before the stroke and up to 3 years thereafter was linked across databases. We describe annual and monthly resource use and healthcare expenditure per patient. Results We identified 36 044 patients with ischaemic stroke (mean age, 74.7 ± 13.3 years). The survival rate at 3 years was 63%. Average expenditure per patient was €3230 the year before stroke, €11 060 for year 1 after stroke, €4104 for year 2, and €3878 for year 3. The greatest determinants of cost in year 1 were hospitalisation (including initial hospitalisation), representing 45% of the difference in expenditure compared to the previous year, and convalescence and rehabilitation services, representing 33% of this difference. After year one, the increase in expenditure was mainly determined by additional hospital admissions and drug treatment. Conclusion After ischaemic stroke, healthcare expenditure increases primarily because of initial hospitalisation. After year one, the expenditure decreases but remains above baseline values. Information from population-based datasets is useful for improving the planning of stroke services.
Ischaemic stroke; Resource use; Healthcare expenditure
Ribera A, Vela E, García-Altés A, Clèries M, Abilleira S. Trends in healthcare resource use and expenditure before and after ischaemic stroke. A population-based study. Neurología. 2022 Jan;37(1):21–30.
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