Efficacy of chemotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma according to histology in a real-world cohort
CheckMate 743 trial demonstrated survival benefit of immunotherapy in first line in MPM with some differences in the efficacy of chemotherapy according to histology. The objective of this study is to characterize the impact of chemotherapy according to histology in patients diagnosed with MPM at our institution. Clinical records of all MPM patients diagnosed at Vall d’Hebron University Hospital between November 2002 and April 2020 were reviewed. Associations between clinical variables and outcomes were assessed with Cox regression models. Survival data were calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method. 189 patients were included with 76% of tumors classified as epithelioid subtype. First line chemotherapy was offered to 85% of patients. Median survival in overall population was 21.3 months (95% CI 17.2–24.3). We found that patients with epithelioid tumors had better overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Median OS of epithelioid patients treated with first line chemotherapy was 26.7 months versus 15.0 months in non-epithelioid patients (HR 2.25 CI 95% 1.4–3.4; p < 0.001). Median PFS for patients with epithelioid tumors treated with chemotherapy was 4.8 months versus 3.6 months in non-epithelioid (HR 1.5 CI 95% 1.0–2.3; p = 0.03). The improvement of outcomes in patients with epithelioid histology was detected in patients treated with cisplatin or carboplatin. Histology was not a predictive factor for the platinum agent sensitivity (p of interaction PFS = 0.09, p of interaction OS = 0.65). In our series, patients with non-epithelioid tumors presented worse prognosis. Although epithelioid tumors exposed to cisplatin had higher PFS, histology was not a clear predictor of chemotherapy efficacy.
Cancer therapy; Mesothelioma
Cedres S, Assaf JD, Iranzo P, Callejo A, Pardo N, Navarro A, et al. Efficacy of chemotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma according to histology in a real-world cohort. Sci Rep. 2021 Nov 1;11:21357.
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