Arrhythmia and impaired myocardial function in heritable thoracic aortic disease: An international retrospective cohort study
Background Heritable thoracic aortic diseases (HTAD), typically entailing aortic complications, can be caused by pathogenic variants or likely pathogenic variants (PV/LPVs) in several genes, including fibrillin1 (FBN1), Actin Alpha2 (ACTA2) and genes encoding components of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathway. In addition to aortic complications, non-aortic cardiac disease such as impaired myocardial function and/or arrhythmia have been increasingly reported, mainly in Marfan syndrome with underlying FBN1 PV/LPVs and are acknowledged as additional causes of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of these manifestations in the various HTAD entities is largely unknown. Methods This international multicentre retrospective study collected data on patients with HTAD presenting non-aortic cardiac disease. A total of 9 centers from 7 different countries participated. Patients 12 years or older carrying a PV/LPV in one of the following genes: FBN1, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TGFB2, TGFB3, SMAD3 and ACTA2 were screened. Non-aortic cardiac disease included impaired myocardial function and/or arrhythmia. Impaired myocardial function was defined as (a)symptomatic reduced ejection fraction (EF<50%). Arrhythmias included atrial fibrillation (AF), atrial flutter (AFL), ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF) and (aborted) sudden cardiac death (presumed arrhythmogenic) (SCD). Results Medical records of 3219 patients with HTAD were screened (2761, 385 and 73 carrying a PV/LPV in FBN1, in a TGF-β signaling gene and in ACTA2 respectively). Non-aortic cardiac disease was reported 142 times in 101 patients (3.1%) (age 37 [range 12–77] years, 39% female): 88 patients carrying an FBN1 PV/LPV and 13 carrying a PV/LPV in one of the TGF-β signaling genes. Neither impaired myocardial function nor arrhythmia was reported in screened patients carrying a PV/LPV in ACTA2. Among the 142 reported non-aortic cardiac diseases, 68 (48%) were impaired myocardial function, 47 (33%) were AF/AFL and 27 (19%) were VT/VF/SCD. Among the patients with non-aortic cardiac disease, prior cardiac surgery was noted in 80% and severe valvular disease (valvular surgery or severe valvular regurgitation) in 58%, while 18% of the patients developed non-aortic cardiac disease in the absence of any of the latter. Conclusions In patients with HTAD, arrhythmia and impaired myocardial function was reported in patients with PV/LPVs in FBN1 and in the TGF-β signaling genes and not in patients harboring PV/LPVs in ACTA2. Though infrequent, non-aortic cardiac disease should be acknowledged as potentially severe, also occurring in young patients with no underlying significant valvular or aortic disease.
Arrhythmia; Heritable thoracic aortic disease
Demolder A, Bianco L, Caruana M, Cervi E, Evangelista A, Jondeau G, et al. Arrhythmia and impaired myocardial function in heritable thoracic aortic disease: An international retrospective cohort study. Eur J Med Genet. 2022 Jun;65(6):104503.
Use this identifier for quote and/or link this documenthttp://hdl.handle.net/11351/8059
The following license files are associated with this item: