Aim The main aim of the present study is to examine the expectations and feelings of people awaiting lung transplantation. Background The assessment of the benefits of lung transplant should consider, among other things, the subjective perceptions of patients about the procedure, especially in relation to the context and to their values, goals and expectations. This is an issue that has not been studied in depth, especially in Spain. Design Exploratory qualitative study. Methods Data were collected through semi-structured interviews during the period of being on the waiting list for transplantation. Thematic analysis of the data was supported by the Atlas.ti software. Results The study population comprised 16 patients awaiting lung transplant, a number sufficient to reach data saturation. Four categories were identified to describe patients' feelings and expectations: (1) reasons for undergoing the transplant, (2) expectations about life post-transplant, (3) emotional state, and (4) relationship with the healthcare team. Conclusions Patients have high expectations of lung transplantation. They see it as offering them a second chance at life, although the future creates uncertainty. The healthcare professionals are identified as key actors, providing essential support and information throughout the various stages of the process. Future research should explore recipients' experiences of lung transplant at later stages. Relevance to clinical practice It is important to adapt care through all the lung transplant process, which is accompanied by intense and complex emotions since the beginning. Thus, providing social and psychological support from the beginning may contribute to their health status, helping them deal with all the emotions and feelings experienced, and find balance between expectations and reality. Patient or public contribution Sixteen patients awaiting lung transplant were interviewed. Interview transcripts were returned to participants to check for accuracy with their experiences.
Expectations; Lung transplant; Patient experience
Mestres-Soler O, Gómez-Ibáñez R, Zuriguel-Pérez E, Roser Escobar-Fornieles |, Aguayo-González M, Juan |, et al. Expectations of patients awaiting lung transplantation: A qualitative study. Nurs Open. 2023 Jun;10(6):3766–73.
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