Outcome of patients with undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver treated according to European soft tissue sarcoma protocols
Background To assess the outcomes of pediatric patients with undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) and treatment including at least surgery and systemic chemotherapy. Methods This study included patients aged up to 21 years with a pathological diagnosis of UESL prospectively enrolled from 1995 to 2016 in three European trials focusing on the effects of surgical margins, preoperative chemotherapy, use of radiotherapy (RT), and chemotherapy. Results Out of 65 patients with a median age at diagnosis of 8.7 years (0.6–20.8), 15 had T2 tumors, and one had lymph node spread, 14 were Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) I, nine IRS II, 38 IRS III, and four IRS IV. Twenty-eight upfront surgeries resulted in five operative spillages and 11 infiltrated surgical margins, whereas 37 delayed surgeries resulted in no spillages (p = .0119) and three infiltrated margins (p = .0238). All patients received chemotherapy, including anthracyclines in 47. RT was administered in 15 patients. With a median follow-up of 78.6 months, 5-year overall and event-free survivals (EFS) were 90.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 79.2–95.5) and 89.1% (95% CI: 78.4–94.6), respectively. Two out four local relapses had previous infiltrated margins and two out of three patients with metastatic relapses received reduced doses of alkylating agents. Infiltrated margins (p = .1607), T2 stage (p = .3870), use of RT (p = .8731), and anthracycline-based chemotherapy (p = .1181) were not correlated with EFS. Conclusions Multimodal therapy improved the outcome of UESL. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for pediatric patients increases the probability of complete surgical resection. The role of anthracyclines and RT for localized disease remains unclear.
Liver; Pediatrics; Sarcoma
Guérin F, Martelli H, Rogers T, Zanetti I, van Scheltinga ST, De Corti F, et al. Outcome of patients with undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver treated according to European soft tissue sarcoma protocols. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2023 Jul;70(7):e30374.
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