Factors associated with discontinuation of biologics in patients with inflammatory arthritis in remission: data from the BIOBADASER registry
Background: The objectives of this study were to assess the discontinuation of biologic therapy in patients who achieve remission and identify predictors of discontinuation of biologics in patients with inflammatory arthritis in remission. Methods: An observational retrospective study from the BIOBADASER registry comprising adult patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), or psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and receiving 1 or 2 biological disease-modifying drugs (bDMARDs) between October 1999 and April 2021. Patients were followed yearly after initiation of therapy or until discontinuation of treatment. Reasons for discontinuation were collected. Patients who discontinued bDMARDs because of remission as defined by the attending clinician were studied. Predictors of discontinuation were explored using multivariable regression models. Results: The study population comprised 3,366 patients taking 1 or 2 bDMARDs. Biologics were discontinued owing to remission by 80 patients (2.4%): 30 with RA (1.7%), 18 with AS (2.4%), and 32 with PsA (3.9%). The factors associated with a higher probability of discontinuation on remission were shorter disease duration (OR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.91-0.99), no concomitant use of classic DMARDs (OR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.34-0.92), and shorter usage of the previous bDMARD (before the decision to discontinue biological therapy) (OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 1.01-1.02); in contrast, smoking status (OR: 2.48; 95% CI: 1.21-5.08) was associated with a lower probability. In patients with RA, positive ACPA was associated with a lower probability of discontinuation (OR: 0.11; 95% CI: 0.02-0.53). Conclusions: Discontinuation of bDMARDs in patients who achieve remission is uncommon in routine clinical care. Smoking and positive ACPA in RA patients were associated with a lower probability of treatment discontinuation because of clinical remission.
Biologic DMARD; Inflammatory arthritis; Remission
Valero M, Sánchez-Piedra C, Freire M, Colazo M, Busquets N, Meriño-Ibarra E, et al. Factors associated with discontinuation of biologics in patients with inflammatory arthritis in remission: data from the BIOBADASER registry. Arthritis Res Ther. 2023 May 22;25:86.
Use this identifier for quote and/or link this documenthttps://hdl.handle.net/11351/9908
This item appears in following collections
The following license files are associated with this item: