Aluminum blood concentration in adult patients: effect of multichamber-bag versus hospital-compounded parenteral nutrition
Background: the administration of aluminum-contaminated parenteral nutrition (PN) leads to an accumulation of aluminum. The aim of this study was to assess blood aluminum concentrations (BACs) of inpatients receiving multichamber-bag (MCB) PN compared to those receiving compounded PN. Methods: available BACs were retrospectively gathered from patient charts of adult inpatients receiving PN from 2015 to 2020, and compared depending on the type of PN administered. Long-term PN patients, defined as ≥ 20 days of PN, receiving at least > 10 days of compounded PN, were compared to long-term patients receiving only MCB. Results: a total of 160 BACs were available from 110 patients. No differences were found according to type of PN (mean BAC: 3.11 ± 2.75 for MCB versus 3.58 ± 2.08 µg/L for compounded PN). Baseline total bilirubin, surgery and days with PN were related to higher BACs (coefficient: 0.30 [95 % CI, 0.18-0.42], 1.29 [95 % CI, 0.52-2.07], and 0.06 [95 % CI: 0.01-0.11], respectively). Regarding long-term PN, patients receiving only MCB (n = 21) showed lower BACs compared to the compounded PN (n = 17) [2.99 ± 1.55 versus 4.35 ± 2.17 µg/L, respectively; p < 0.05]. Conclusions: although there were no differences in BAC according to type of PN administered, in long-term PN, MCB PN was associated with lower BACs as compared to compounded PN.
Parenteral nutrition; Aluminum; Toxicity
Berlana D, Pau-Parra A, Albertos R, Cea C, Zabalegui A, Barquin R, et al. Aluminum blood concentration in adult patients: effect of multichamber-bag versus hospital-compounded parenteral nutrition. Nutr Hosp. 2023 May-Jun;40(3):469–75.
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