Purpose: Role of triple therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management is supported by growing evidence, but consensus is lacking on various aspects. We conducted a Delphi survey in respiratory experts on the effects of triple therapy on exacerbation reduction, early optimization, pneumonia risk, and mortality benefits in COPD management. Methods: The study comprised 2-round online surveys and a participant meeting with 21 respiratory experts from 10 countries. The 31-statement questionnaire was prepared using Decipher software after literature review. Responses were recorded using Likert scale ranging from 1 (disagreement) to 9 (agreement) with a consensus threshold of 75%. Results: All experts participated in both surveys and 14/21 attended participant meeting. Consensus was reached on 13/31 questions in first survey and 4/14 in second survey on: mortality benefits of triple therapy; comparable pneumonia risk between single inhaler triple therapy (SITT) and multiple inhaler triple therapy (81%); preference of SITT for patients with high eosinophil count (95%); exacerbation risk reduction and healthcare cost benefits with early initiation of SITT post exacerbation-related hospitalization (< 30 days) (86%). No consensus was reached on first line SITT use after first exacerbation resulting in COPD diagnosis (62%). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that there is consensus among experts regarding many of the key concepts about appropriate clinical use and benefits of triple therapy in COPD. More evidence is required for evaluating the benefits of early optimisation of triple therapy.
COPD exacerbations; Delphi procedure; Triple inhaled therapy
Miravitlles M, Acharya S, Aggarwal B, Fernandes FLA, Dreyse J, Jardim JR, et al. Clinical Concepts for Triple Therapy Use in Patients with COPD: A Delphi Consensus. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2023 Aug 28;18:1853–66.
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