Anàlisi dels microorganismes declarats al Sistema de notificació microbiològica de Catalunya els anys 2016-2017
Background. Since 2016 the Microbiological Reporting System of Catalonia (SNMC) is a mandatory microbiological reporting system. SNMC is part of the Epidemiological Surveillance Network of Catalonia, which collects reports by laboratories on confirmed cases of microorganisms causing acute disease that are relevant for public health. Methods. A descriptive analysis of microbiological reports made by SNMC health laboratories was carried out during the period 2016-2017, after verifying and cleansing data. Results and discussion. A total of 34,054 microorganisms were registered in 2016, and 38.625 microorganisms in 2017, which represents an increase of 19.6% and 35.7%, respectively in respect to 2015, and 56.6% and 77.6% with respect to 2014. During 2016, the most common clinical entities were respiratory infections (39.2%), sexually transmitted diseases (27.3%), and enteritis (26.5%), while during 2017 the most common ones were respiratory infections (33.3%), sexually transmitted diseases (33.2%), and enteritis (26.3%). Although the number of reported cases of mycobacterial infections and enteritis diminished across the period analysed and in comparison with previous analysis (2013-2015), the number of reports of sexually transmitted diseases continue to increase significantly, equalling respiratory infections. Respiratory infections, meningoencephalitis, bacteraemia of unknown origin, and other infection diseases remained in relatively similar percentages in comparison with previous years (2014-2015). Conclusions. During 2016 and 2017 there has been an increase in the number of microorganisms that cause confirmed infectious diseases, with respect to 2014 and 2015. Sexually transmitted infections have increased considerably in recent years, and 2017 have reached numbers to those of respiratory infections.
Microbiological statement; Notification; Infectious diseases
Ciruela-Navas P, Mora-Ripoll R, Hernández-Baeza S, Broner-Herbst S, Basile L, Jané-Checa M. Anàlisi dels microorganismes declarats al Sistema de notificació microbiològica de Catalunya els anys 2016-2017. Butll Epidemiol Catalunya. 2019;40(04):40-67.
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