Chronic hepatitis D associated with worse patient-reported outcomes than chronic hepatitis B, 2021 (323.1Kb)
Chronic hepatitis D associated with worse patient-reported outcomes than chronic hepatitis B, 2021. Material suplementari 1 (154.1Kb)
Chronic hepatitis D associated with worse patient-reported outcomes than chronic hepatitis B, 2021. Material suplementari 2 (149.0Kb)
Background & Aims Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) determined by patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is impaired in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and C patients, but there are no data regarding patients with chronic hepatitis D (CHD). The aim of this study was to assess PRO scores in untreated patients with CHD and compare them with those obtained for patients with CHB. Methods Patients with CHD completed 3 PRO instruments (Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire [CLDQ], Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy–Fatigue [FACIT-F], and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment [WPAI]), and the results were compared with those of patients mono-infected with CHB. Results In total, 125 patients were included: 43 with CHD and 82 with CHB. Overall, baseline PROs showed differences between both groups. Several assessments, such as the worry score from CLDQ (p = 0.0118), functional well-being from FACIT-F (p = 0.0281), and activity impairment from WPAI (p = 0.0029) showed a significant trend to worse scores in patients with CHD than with CHB. In addition, the linear regression model supports the finding that having CHD as opposed to having CHB was a predictor of a higher worry score (CLDQ) and a higher activity impairment (WPAI). Conclusions In this first assessment in CHD, PROs recorded in patients with CHD showed a significant impairment in some domains of HRQoL questionnaires in comparison with those with CHB. Studies in larger cohorts with lengthier follow-up are needed to fully assess patient-reported quality of life over the course of CHD. Lay summary Chronic hepatitis D (CHD) is a viral disease that causes rapid evolution to liver cirrhosis, amongst other severe complications, when compared to patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Health-related quality of life in chronic hepatitis C and CHB has been reported widely, but no studies have been performed on patient-reported outcomes in patients with CHD. Results showed that CHD patients reported worse outcomes in psychological domains such as worry and emotional well-being, as well as in physical domains such as abdominal symptoms, physical well-being, and activity impairment in comparison with patients with CHB.
Viral hepatitis; Health-related quality of life; Chronic Liver Disease
Buti M, Stepanova M, Palom A, Riveiro-Barciela M, Nader F, Roade L, et al. Chronic hepatitis D associated with worse patient-reported outcomes than chronic hepatitis B. JHEP Reports. 2021 Jun;3:100280.
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