Background In most countries of the world the only basis for considering a termination of pregnancy is for medical reasons. Depending on the circumstances and determinants of each case, the emotional responses to this event vary greatly. The aim of this study is to map the emotional responses of women when their pregnancy is terminated for medical reasons. Methods A scoping review was carried out. This covered all types of qualitative and quantitative studies published in English or Spanish since 2014 which included first-person accounts of women's emotional responses when they had a termination. A bibliographic search was made of four databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and Pubmed) along with an additional manual search and backward and forward citation chaining of the studies included. The data were reported in narrative form and the results grouped according to the descriptive characteristics of the study and the emotions involved. Findings The review process resulted in the inclusion of thirty-four studies. nineteen of these followed a qualitative approach and fifteen used quantitative methodology, with six of them being intervention studies. The emotions found ranged from anxiety and depression to guilt and thankfulness, so various authors stressed the need to improve training for health professionals to provide information, advice and support to the women during the entire process of the termination of pregnancy for medical reasons. Conclusions The available studies cannot be compared given the variety of designs. The predominant emotions underlying the termination for medical reasons were stress, anxiety and depression. Future research should be carried out using samples of participants covering all causes of termination for medical reasons in a particular context so that an intervention can be designed to help lessen the impact of the process on women's mental health.
Emotional; Medical reasons; Termination of pregnancy
González-Ramos Z, Zuriguel-Pérez E, Albacar-Riobóo N, Casadó-Marín L. The emotional responses of women when terminating a pregnancy for medical reasons: A scoping review. Midwifery. 2021 Dec;103:103095.
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