Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most relevant complications of type 2 diabetes and dramatically increases the cardiovascular risk in these patients. Currently, DKD is severely infra-diagnosed, or its diagnosis is usually made at advanced stages of the disease. During the last decade, new drugs have demonstrated a beneficial effect in terms of cardiovascular and renal protection in type 2 diabetes, supporting the crucial role of an early DKD diagnosis to permit the use of new available therapeutic strategies. Moreover, cardiovascular and renal outcome trials, developed to study these new drugs, are based on diverse cardiovascular and renal simple and composite endpoints, which makes difficult their interpretation and the comparison between them. In this article, DKD diagnosis is reviewed, focusing on albuminuria and the recommendations for glomerular filtration rate measurement. Furthermore, cardiovascular and renal endpoints used in classical and recent cardiovascular outcome trials are assessed in a pragmatic way.
Chronic kidney disease; Diabetes mellitus; Diabetic kidney disease
García-Carro C, Vergara A, Bermejo S, Azancot MA, Sánchez-Fructuoso AI, Sánchez de la Nieta MD, et al. How to Assess Diabetic Kidney Disease Progression? From Albuminuria to GFR. J Clin Med. 2021 Jun;10(11):2505.
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