Introduction The use of high-flow cannula therapy (HFNC) in neonatal units has increased in recent years, but there are no consensus guidelines on its indications and application strategies. Our aim was to know the rate of use of HFNC, their indications and the management variability among Spanish neonatal units. Material and methods Twenty-five-question survey for medical and nursing staff. Level II and III units were contacted by phone and sent in Google forms between September 2016 and December 2018. Results Ninety-seven responses (63.9% medical, 36.1% nursing), from 69 neonatal units representing 15 autonomous communities (87% level of care III; 13% level II). All units except one have HFNC with a humidified and heated system. Their most frequent indications are: non-invasive ventilation weaning (79.4%), bronchiolitis (69.1%), respiratory distress of the term newborn (58.8%), after extubation (50.5%). Minimum flow (1–5 L/min) and maximum flow (5–15 L/min) are variable between units. 22.7% have experienced some adverse effect from its use (9 air leak, 12 nasal trauma). Less than half have an employment protocol, but all the answers agree on the usefulness of national recommendations. Conclusions HFNC therapy is widely used in Spanish units, but there is great variability in its indications and strategies of use. National recommendations would be applicable in most units and would allow unifying its use.
Neonate; Respiratory therapy; Survey
Losada OR, Ramón AM, Fernández AG, España VF, Turpin AG, Gómez JJC, et al. Use of high flow nasal cannula in Spanish neonatal units. An Pediatría (English Ed). 2022 Apr;96(4):319–25.
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