The interaction of amorphous silica nanoparticles with phospholipid monolayers and bilayers has received a great deal of interest in recent years and is of importance for assessing potential cellular toxicity of such species, whether natural or synthesized for the purpose of nanomedical drug delivery and other applications. This present communication studies the rate of silica nanoparticle adsorption on to phospholipid monolayers in order to extract a heterogeneous rate constant from the data. This rate constant relates to the initial rate of growth of an adsorbed layer of nanoparticles as SiO2 on a unit area of the monolayer surface from unit concentration in dispersion. Experiments were carried out using the system of dioleoyl phosphatidylcholine (DOPC) monolayers deposited on Pt/Hg electrodes in a flow cell. Additional studies were carried out on the interaction of soluble silica with these layers. Results show that the rate constant is effectively constant with respect to silica nanoparticle size. This is interpreted as indicating that the interaction of hydrated SiO2 molecular species with phospholipid polar groups is the molecular initiating event (MIE) defined as the initial interaction of the silica particle surface with the phospholipid layer surface promoting the adsorption of silica nanoparticles on DOPC. The conclusion is consistent with the observed significant interaction of soluble SiO2 with the DOPC layer and the established properties of the silica–water interface.
Nanoparticle; Phospholipid Monolayers
Vakurov A, Drummond-Brydson R, William N, Sanver D, Bastúsbastús N, Moriones OH, et al. Heterogeneous Rate Constant for Amorphous Silica Nanoparticle Adsorption on Phospholipid Monolayers. Langmuir. 2022 May 10;38(18):5372–5380.
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